The Brain is the control center of the body. It is made up of three main components including the forebrain, the midbrain and the hindbrain.
The forebrain functions include receiving and processing sensory information, thinking, perceiving, producing and understanding language, and controlling motor functions. It contains the thalamus and hypothalamus. These two parts of the brain are responsible for motor control, for relaying sensory information and for controlling autonomic functions.
The midbrain is a portion of the brainstem that connects the hindbrain to the forebrain. This region of the brain is involved in auditory and visual responses as well as motor function.
The hindbrain extends from the spinal cord. Its main purpose is to assist with maintaining balance and equilibrium, movement coordination, and conduction of sensory information.
The brain itself contains two distinct hemispheres. There is the right hemisphere which controls spatial ability, face recognition and processing of music. It’s essentially your creative brain that has a preference for rhythm, imagination, pictures, colors and daydreaming. On the other hand we have the left side which controls logical thought with a preference for words, language, numbers, mathematical computation and lists.
These two hemispheres of the brain communicate with each other through the thick corpus callosum that connects them.
It is also important to note that the brain’s right hemisphere controls the muscles on the left side of the body, while the left hemisphere controls the muscles on the right side of the body.