The Cerebral Cortex is responsible for thinking, perceiving, producing and understanding language. It is in essence the most highly developed part of the brain that encompasses two thirds of the brain’s entire mass.
The cerebral cortex is divided into four lobes that each have a very specific function related to vision, hearing, touch, movement and smell. There are also other areas that are critical for thinking and reasoning. These lobes include:
- Parietal Lobe: Is involved in cognition, information processing, pain and touch sensation, spatial orientation, speech and visual perception.
- Frontal Lobe: Is involved in motor functions, higher order functions, planning, reasoning, judgment, impulse control, and memory.
- Occipital Lobe: Is involved in visual perception and color recognition. In other words it processes information sent through the eyes. Its purpose is to try and make sense of visual stimuli so that we can better understand what is going on around us.
- Temporal Lobe: Is involved in auditory perception, memory, speech, emotional responses, and visual perception.
The main purpose of the Cerebral Cortex is to sense and interpret stimuli via hearing, touch and vision from various external sources while maintaining cognitive function.